Wild

Swordtip squid

Uroteuthis edulis

Common Name(s)

English: swordtip squid ; German: Kalmar, French: Calmar épée ; Italian: Calamaro indopacifico ; Portugese: Lula ; Japanese: Kensakiika

High Risk

No data available OR Proven poor fishery status and/or high risk of decline to poor status without appropriate management / ineffective management and/or high environmental impact. If species is listed as vulnerable, endangered or critically endangered then stop sourcing.

Traditional Chinese

拖魷魚 ("Tall Yau Yu") 魷魚 (" Yau Yu")

Simplified Chinese

剑尖枪乌贼

Taiwanese

劍尖槍魷 / 真鎖管

Date of Assessments

July 2020

Peer Reviewer

Pending

Assessment Organisation

The University of Hong Kong

SEASONAL AVAILABILITY

J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D

Overview

  • Swordtip squid (Uroteuthis edulis) belongs in the family Loliginidae, commonly known as pencil squids, and is a widespread species in the tropical and temperate waters of the Indo-Pacific continental shelf.
  • Spawning period extends throughout the year, with peaks in spring, summer, and autumn, typically occurring at depths of 30 to 100m over sandy bottom in coastal waters influenced by inflow of warm oceanic currents.
  • The swordtip squid typically lives for one year, and is semelparous, meaning that male and female adults typically die shortly after spawning and brooding.
  • Sea Life Base states that swordtip squid has low to moderate vulnerability to fishing.
Swordtip squid is predominantly caught through mid-water trawling and hook and line (jigging).

Hook and Line

Hook and line is one of the best methods of fishing with regards to sustainability. This can involve one person and a rod, or alternatively using a basic winch with a line of hooks. The hook and line fishing method has little impact on the surrounding environment and the catch can be selective. For example, any fish too small, or not the right species can be placed back into the water, with limited harm.

Trawl

A fishing method that uses one or several nets with an otter board to keep the net open horizontally. The net will be towed from the stern of the boat and can be either demersal (on/near sea bed) or pelagic (mid-water). Bottom trawling is a type of trawling that sets the nets on the seafloor. Heavy weights are attached to the nets to stir up the sand or mud so that fish and shrimp living there can be caught. Sometimes heavy rockhoppers are used, chains with roller wheels that allow the net to roll over rough, rocky seabeds without damaging the nets or being stopped by the rock.

  • Evidence of the catch certificate showing the following:
    • latin species name,
    • country sea area / RFMO area,
    • vessel flag,
    • name of vessel,
    • Unique Vessel Identifier,
    • capture method,
    • landing port
  • Is the fishery in a fishery improvement project?

FISHERIES IMPROVEMENT PROJECTS

No Known FIP

COUNTRY SPECIFIC RISK ASSESSMENTS

  • Swordtip squid from fisheries in Vietnam can be considered to be a high risk.
  • Whilst the species is widely distributed and thought to have low to moderate vulnerability to fishing, the most recent trends in Catch Per Unit Effort suggest that numbers are declining.
  • There are no management measures specific to this squid species being implemented.